Research & Impact
Novel Reproductive Behaviour Discovered
A novel form of reproductive behaviour observed in a native frog species, Lau’s Leaf Litter Toad (Leptobrachella laui) has been reported by Professor SUNG Yik-Hei of Science Unit. Unconventionally, the female frog positions herself on top of the male, which is a reverse of the more usual mating arrangement. This interesting discovery has been published in the latest issue of the international academic journal Ecosphere.
Prof Sung said that frogs and toads use external fertilisation, when the female releases her eggs outside her body, the male releases his sperm on the eggs at the same time. In all known forms of mating in frogs and toads, the male mounts the female or stations horizontally himself to align his reproductive organ with the female’s. However in Lau’s Leaf Litter Toad this does not happen. The male gives the female a piggyback ride to a hidden location where they complete reproduction. Prof Sung calls this “sex-reversed inguinal amplexus” and says “This behavior has not been observed in other species of frogs and toads, but the frogs conceal themselves soon after pairing, so that it is hard to determine if this is simply a ride on the male’s back or how the eggs are fertilised. In fact, despite the endeavours of local herpetologists, Lau’s Leaf Litter Toad eggs have never been documented before.”
Prof Sung believes that Lau’s Leaf Litter Toads adopt an alternative reproductive behaviour because places to lay their eggs are rare. A male toad finds and guards an ideal egg-laying location such as a rock crevice and carries female there. This may confer reproductive efficiency as they can stay away from predatory risks and deposit eggs somewhere safe to develop, and bringing a mate to their territory increases their reproductive success.